(2001) 'Surveillance after September 11'
Sociological Research Online, vol. 6, no. 3, <http://www.socresonline.org.uk/6/3/lyon.html>
To cite articles published in Sociological Research Online, please reference the above information and include paragraph numbers if necessary
Received: 13/11/2001 Accepted: 30/11/2001 Published: 30/11/2001
2This may be seen on many web sites, e.g. <http://www.viisage.com>
3The USA's PATRIOT Act was first, in October 2001, followed quickly by similar legislation in the UK and Canada (the Anti-terrorism Bill C-36; not yet law at the time of writing). Other countries had second thoughts on legislation as a result of September 11. In Germany, the draft of a new, more liberal immigration law was scrapped at the same time as laws regulating freedom of movement and requiring fingerprints in identity cards were tightened. See <http://www.nytimes. com/2001/10/01/international/europe/01GERM.html>
4Knowledge of Ellul's work is often limited only to the allegedly deterministic The Technological Society (New York: Vintage, 1964). But he saw his sociological work as integrated with his more theological writings that are anything but deterministic. It is misleading to see his most famous work out of the context of the whole corpus.
5A longer survey appears in David Lyon (2001).
6This elegant concept was first used by Gary T. Marx (1988). I discuss its commercial equivalent, 'categorical seduction' in (Lyon 1994).
7I experienced this, anecdotally, when an op-ed piece I wrote under the title 'Whither surveillance after bloody Tuesday?' was published in the newspaper as 'What price in liberty will we pay for security?' The Kingston Whig-Standard, September 28, 2001.
BAUMAN, Z. (1987) Modernity and the Holocaust, Oxford and Malden MA: Blackwell.
BOGARD, W. (1996) The Simulation of Surveillance, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
BOYNE, R. (2000) 'Post-Panopticism', Economy and Society, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 285-307.
BRAVERMAN, H. (1980) Labour and Monopoly Capital, New York: Monthly Review Press.
DANDEKER, C. (1990) Surveillance Power and Modernity, Cambridge: Polity Press.
DELEUZE, G. and GUATARRI, F. (1987) A Thousand Plateaus, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
ERICSON, R.V. and HAGGERTY, K. (1997) Policing the Risk Society, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
GANDY, O.H. (1993) The Panoptic Sort: A Political Economy of Personal Information, Boulder CO: Westview.
GRAHAM, S. (1998) 'Spaces of surveillant simulation' Environment and Planning: Society and Space, No. 16.
HAGGERTY, K. and ERICSON, R.V. (2000) 'The surveillant assemblage' British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 506-522.
LESSIG, L. (1999) Code, and Other Laws of Cyberspace, New York: Basic Books.
LYON, D. (ed., forthcoming) Surveillance as Social Sorting, London and New York: Routledge.
LYON, D. (forthcoming a) 'Surveillance technology and surveillance society' in Tom Misa, Philip Brey, and Andrews Feenberg (eds.) Modernity and Technology, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
LYON, D. (2001) Surveillance Society: Monitoring Everyday Life, Buckingham: Open University Press.
LYON, D. (1994) The Electronic Eye: The Rise of Surveillance Society, Cambridge: Polity Press and Malden MA: Blackwell.
MARX, G. (1988) Undercover: Police Surveillance in America, NEWMAN, T. and HAYMAN, S (2001) Policing, Surveillance, and Social Control, Collumpton UK: Willan Publishing.
Berkeley: University of California Press.
NORRIS, C.A. and ARMSTRONG, G. (1999) The Maximum Surveillance Society, London: Berg.
ROSE, N. (1999) Powers of Freedom, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.