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Received: 13/9/96 Accepted: 15/1/97 Published: 31/3/97
2As K. Gligorov, President of FYROM put it, 'We are not "former" and we are not "Yugoslav" any more' (Nea Ellhada, October 30, 1993, p.2 cited in Danforth, 1995: p. 156).
3Cf. Dimaras (1982) regarding the symbolic significance assigned to Alexander the Great in Greek historiography.
4Although for the general public the star of Vergina is the royal emblem of Alexander the Great, there is considerable disagreement among scholars regarding the 'ethnic', 'national', royal or other meaning of the symbol (Borza, 1981; Adams, 1983), as well as with regard to Andronikos's (1977) argument that the gold larnax of Vergina (which bears the symbol) belonged to the tomb of Philip of Macedon (Hammond, 1982; Lehman, 1980).
5Dimaras (1982), however, points out that at the early stages of the emergence of the independent Greek nation-state, there were contradictory views with regard to the 'hellenicity' of the cultural heritage of Alexander the Great and his dynasty. Also, see Kitromilidis (1989).
6The role of the collective representation of the nation's 'golden age' in the construction of national identity has been highlighted by Smith (1986: p. 182).
7Nea Democratia is the major conservative party in Greece. It was in office from 1974 to 1981 and again from 1990 to 1993. Currently, it is the main opposition party in parliament under the leadership of Mr. M. Evert.
8The alternative solutions discussed included the name 'Slavomakedonia', which was rejected by Albanians and other ethnic minorities residing within FYROM, and 'Nova Makedonia' or 'Novomakedonia' which were turned down by the Greek government (cf. Danforth, 1995: p. 155; Poulton, 1995: p. 178).
9Serbia claims that the region of Kosovo is inextricably linked with the history of the Serbian nation and therefore 'naturally' belongs to its territory.
10The differentiation between Greeks and 'others' is salient also with regard to immigrants, among whom a distinction is made between those of Greek descent and the 'others', the 'aliens' (Triandafyllidou, 1996).
11...although the Cypriot appeal is still pending at the United Nations.
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