Copyright Sociological Research Online, 1996
The results of the pilot study are clear and unambiguous: it was not possible to follow up the previous respondents. Reasons for this are believed to include changing attitudes towards giving information and to reservations about collaborating in research projects which in the context of inner city Liverpool are seen to have no benefits to local people. The prognosis for future survey-based research is poor.
These findings are consistent with more anecdotal evidence from colleagues working elsewhere in inner city areas and in sharp contrast to similar work undertaken in the very different political climate of the 1970s.
the general topic of the interconnectedness of habitat and behaviour and of the creative relationship between personality and the social environment
the nature and extent of residential mobility within that type of locality (Vereker et al., 1961: p. 3)
For this reason much attention was given, during the early enquiries ... to respondents' desire to leave the district or to remain in Inner City wards.(1961: p. 5)
The sector originally estimated as most stable became, when judged by future aspirations, the most restless and desirous of moving (Vereker et al., 1961: p. 194, see also p. 118)
It may also be that at least among a part of the Liverpool inner city population, there is an attachment to the locality and a persistent network of kin and acquaintances which transcends the particular form of housing occupied (Pickett and Gittus: Appendix 5: 23)
Neither economic aspiration (e.g. to get a better job), nor social aspiration (to live in a better area) can override it. (Wyatt 1970, p. 573)
Generally, the 1980 housing areas tend to be more homogenous in their characteristics than were the 1956 sub-areas (Vereker et al. used numbered sub- divisions of the areas according to housing types). Here and in the maps we use only the three broad areas plus the corporation flats.. This is largely the result of the massive redevelopment which took place in the 1960s, which was followed by the construction of a number of housing estates of standardized patterns. Elsewhere improved housing or housing designated for improvement similarly provides an impression of homogeneity....
The 1956 Crown Street study showed clearly that although a degree of homogeneity as regards residential structure was evident within each sub-area, differences between sub- areas could be considerable and Crown Street as a whole contains a number of very clearly differentiated communities. Although the nature of the differences has changed, Crown Street remains a patchwork of residential discontinuities, with few exceptions each housing area revealing some degree of deprivation, but with significant variation in form and extent (Pickett and Gittus: p. 6)
In the follow up by Husen in 1964 of the original sample of children (aged 9-11) in Malmo in 1938 'practically every individual' was eventually traced, apart from those who had emigrated. (p. 46)
Nearer the authors' own problems was
the study by Olneck (1977) of brothers in the Kalamazoo, Michigan school system. He sought to trace in 1973 a sample who had records drawn from the period 1928-50 and achieved the remarkable success rate of 57.9 per cent (p. 46)
Hancock, L. (1994) Tenant Participation and the Housing Classes Debate. Unpublished PhD thesis: University of Liverpool.
MOORE, Robert (1992) 'Labour and Housing Markets in Inner City Regeneration', New Community, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 371 - 386.
MOORE, Robert (1994) The Black Population of Inner Liverpool in the 1991 Census. London: Runnymede Trust.
MOORE, Robert (1996) 'Ethnic Minority Children and Deprivation' unpublished paper to BSA Annual Conference, Reading.
PICKETT, K. G. and GITTUS, E. (no date) Crown Street Revisited: Change and Reaction to Change in an Inner City Area, End of Grant Report on Grant HR5771.
SAVAGE, M., WATT, P., and ARBER S. (1990) 'The Consumption Sector Debate and Housing Mobility', Sociology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 97 - 117.
VEREKER, C., MAYS, J. B., BROADY, M., GITTUS, E. (1961) Urban Redevelopment and Social Change. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
WYATT, J. F. (1970) 'Residential Stability in an Inner Urban Housing Block', Sociological Review vol. 3, pp.559 - 576.