Anderson (2003) 'Communication, Conflict and Risk in the
21st Century: Critical Issues for Sociology'
Sociological Research Online, vol. 8, no. 4, <http://www.socresonline.org.uk/8/4/anderson.html>
To cite articles published in Sociological Research Online, please reference the above information and include paragraph numbers if necessary
Received: 11/8/2003 Accepted: 7/10/2003 Published: 30/11/2003
"It was a natural reaction I suppose, but later I was rather disgusted with my delight. Reporters are supposed to be observers of the battlefield, not participants. I wondered if, by being so close to the British troops, I had somehow crossed an invisible line." (Beck & Downing, 2003: 31-32)
...what actually appalls me is the difference between twelve years ago and now. I've seen a complete erosion of any kind of acknowledgment that reporters should be able to report as they witness... The Americans... and I've been talking to the Pentagon... take the attitude which is entirely hostile to the free spread of information...I was told by a senior officer in the Pentagon, that if uplinks --that is the television signals out of... Baghdad, for example-- were detected by any planes ...electronic media... mediums of the military above Baghdad... they'd be fired down on. Even if they were journalists ...Who cares! (Dunne, 2003) 
2 The term 'embedding' first came into use during the war in Bosnia in 1991 (McLaughlin, 2002).
3 Alongside this, a large number of 'unilateral' journalists worked independently in Baghdad and Northern Iraq, Kuwait and Quatar.
4 Kate Adie also claimed that the Americans vetted the embedded journalists to ensure that they showed support for the military action.
5 News International has a 35.4% stake in the BBC's major competitor, BskyB.
6 Whilst it is important to recognise the limitations of public opinion polls in general, there are important differences in terms of how rigorously they are conducted and the degree to which they can be relied upon to provide a 'snapshot' of public attitudes. In the absence of detailed qualitative research, they can provide a broad indication of public views.
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