Copyright Sociological Research Online, 1996
'This change in the rules of engagement is giving the middle classes the opportunity to capitalize on their superior market power in the competition for credentials within a market-driven system of education.' (Brown, 1995: p. 47)
|School Cluster 1||School Cluster 2||School Cluster 3|
|Number of Cases||655||977||1959|
|% 16 Yr. olds obtaining 5 or more grade A-C GCSEs||16||77||39|
|% half days lost due to Unauthorized Absences||3||0||1|
|% Independent (Private)||10||49||3|
|% Selective Admissions Policy||3||51||2|
|% Mixed Sex Schools||90||62||91|
|Social Deprivation CL1||Social Deprivation CL2||Social Deprivation CL3|
|Number of Wards||50||85||70|
|% Households (Hhds) Owner Occupiers||41||61||83|
|% Hhds Social Housing||55||32||10|
|% Hhds with no car||59||42||25|
|% Hhds with 2 or more cars||7||15||25|
|% Hhds with at least one child and no employed worker||38||22||11|
|% Hhds containing children headed by a lone parent||22||13||7|
|% Economically Active Males unemployed or on a government job creation scheme.||28||16||9|
|% Economically Active Females unemployed or on a job creation scheme||14||9||6|
|% of pupils at schools located within the clusters obtaining 5 or more A-C grade GCSEs.||28||37||42|
|School Cl 1 Mid-level achievement||School Cl 2 High achievement||School Cl 3 Low Achievement||Total No. of Schools in Social Deprivation Cluster|
|High Social Deprivation No. of Schools||15||2||33||40|
|Mid level Social Deprivation No. of Schools||47||7||28||82|
|Low Social Deprivation No. of Schools||45||9||16||70|
|Total No. of Schools in School Cluster||107||18||77||202|
A field, in Bourdieu's sense, is a social arena within which struggles or manoeuvres take place over specific resources or stakes or access to them. Fields are defined by the stakes which are at stake. ...The field is the crucial mediating context wherein external factors - changing circumstances - are brought to bear upon individual practice and institution. (1992: pp. 84, 86)
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